Deviant behavior is any behavior that is outside of what is considered socially accepted or considered part of a normally accepted moral code Deviant behavior can take many different forms, from actions that are criminal or inappropriate to ones that are more minor yet still considered inappropriate. Deviant behavior is sometimes an indication of psychological issues in an individual, or the product of a complex social network in which someone finds themselves. It is an important concept to understand when looking at social systems and how behavior is influenced by the individuals in it.
1) Criminal Behavior: This type of deviant behavior involves breaking the law and can range from minor offenses like shoplifting to more serious crimes such as murder. Criminal behavior is often motivated by a desire for financial gain, power, or revenge. Despite its seriousness, criminal behavior often has its roots in a person’s psychological or social life.
2) Substance Abuse: While people may disagree on whether this should be considered deviant behavior, abusing substances such as drugs and alcohol is a common form of deviant behavior. It “affects the individual’s behavior and can lead to other forms of deviant behavior such as aggression, criminal activity, or recklessness” (Kreutzer & Marlowe, 1998).
3) Cheating: Cheating is another form of deviant behavior that is not as serious as a crime, but is still considered inappropriate in many contexts. It may take the form of cheating on tests, exams, or relationships. It is often motivated by a desire to gain an advantage over other people, or a lack of commitment to the values of the institution or relationship.
4) Bullying: Bullying is a form of deviant behavior that can take many different forms, from physical violence to verbal harassment. It is a form of aggression and can have serious, long-term consequences for both the person being bullied and the bully.
5) Gang Activity: Gang activity is a type of deviance that often centers around protecting territory and engaging in criminal behavior. Gang members often share a strong sense of loyalty to their gang and a willingness to use violence to defend it. This form of deviance is often a response to a lack of economic opportunities and a feeling of powerlessness in society.
It is important to note that not all deviant behavior is criminal in nature, and that different people may interpret what constitutes deviance differently. While it is important to identify deviant behavior in order to understand and address it, it is also important not to make assumptions about the motivations of the individual. Taking the time to understand the underlying causes of certain forms of deviance can help to find ways to reduce and eliminate those behaviors.