The John Reflection Model is a tool that is used to structure the process of reflection It was developed by Professor John Carrol in the late 1960s, and is based on the concept of experiential learning. This model helps to create a reflective process that allows for personal evaluation and development.
The model is composed of five stages, which are: (1) Acquire: acquiring knowledge and experiences; (2) Detect: recognizing experiences and analyzing them; (3) Elaborate: reflecting on and synthesizing the experience; (4) Connect: contextualizing the experiences and observing the outcomes; and (5) Apply: applying lessons learned. This model encourages self-reflection and learning from experience.
The best examples of John Reflection Model are as follows:
1. Preparing for a Job Interview: Acquire by researching the company and the position. Detect by analyzing the job description, requirements, and expectations. Elaborate by reflecting on the information and preparing your answers to common questions. Connect by understanding how your skills and experiences are related to the position. Finally, apply by using the knowledge and preparation to confidently answer questions and ace the interview.
2. Writing an Essay: Acquire by researching and gathering information related to the topic. Detect by developing a thesis statement and selecting relevant details. Elaborate by reflecting on the evidence and outlining the essay. Connect by understanding how the evidence supports the main idea. Finally, apply by crafting the essay with a clear structure and professional voice.
3. Participating in a Group Project: Acquire by understanding the project objectives. Detect by outlining the tasks, milestone, and timeline for completion. Elaborate by reflecting on the project goals and each team member’s individual strengths. Connect by understanding how each step contributes to the overall project success. Finally, apply by working efficiently and collaboratively with others to complete the project.
4. Learning a New Topic: Acquire by researching the subject. Detect by breaking down the material into key concepts. Elaborate by reflecting on the content and how it can be applied to relevant scenarios. Connect by understanding how the content fits within the larger context. Finally, apply by using the knowledge to answer questions and discuss the topic.
5. Working Through Conflict: Acquire by understanding the different perspectives and how to resolve the issue. Detect by analyzing the underlying causes and the best strategies to address it. Elaborate by reflecting on the potential outcomes and how to reach the desired solution. Connect by understanding how the conflict can be addressed within the context of the relationships. Finally, apply by communicating respectfully, working towards a resolution, and practicing active listening.