Psychological disease and disorders refer to a group of mental and behavioral health conditions, disorders, and illnesses They can range from mild to severe and can have a negative impact on a person’s everyday life. Some common types of psychological disorders and diseases include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and personality disorders.
Anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive fear or worry, and the inability to manage daily stress. The most common types of anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Symptoms of anxiety disorders can include restlessness, sleeping difficulties, difficulty concentrating, and difficulty controlling worries.
Mood disorders, also known as affective disorders, are characterized by a persistent emotion or mood that results in impairment. This can include a sustained period of depression, mania, or both. Symptoms of mood disorders can include feelings of sadness or hopelessness, feelings of irritability or anger, difficulty sleeping, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and difficulty concentrating.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a common disorder characterized by impulsivity, hyperactivity, and the inability to concentrate for extended periods of time. Symptoms of ADHD include being easily distracted, difficulty staying focused on tasks, difficulty controlling behavior, and difficulty following instructions. It can interfere with a person’s daily functioning and lead to academic failure, behavioral issues, and difficulty forming relationships.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition that impacts a person’s ability to think clearly and interact socially. It is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and bizarre behavior. Symptoms of schizophrenia can include hearing voices, paranoia, difficulty expressing emotion, and the belief that others are out to get them.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is an anxiety disorder that often develops after a person has experienced a traumatic experience. Symptoms of PTSD can include flashbacks, nightmares, avoiding certain activities or people, difficulty sleeping, feelings of guilt or shame, and difficulty concentrating.
Personality disorders are psychiatric disorders characterized by inflexible patterns of thinking and behaving that can affect a person’s ability to interact with others. Common types of personality disorders include borderline personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder. Symptoms of personality disorders can include difficulty controlling emotions, difficulty forming relationships, feel detached from reality, difficulty understanding others’ perspectives, and difficulty expressing love.
In conclusion, psychological diseases and disorders are a group of mental health conditions that can have a negative impact on a person’s everyday life. Five of the most common types of psychological disorders are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, ADHD, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders. Understanding the different types of psychological disorders and recognizing the symptoms can help people to get the help they need to manage their condition.