Ethical reasoning and theory examines fundamental principles of right and wrong It is a branch of moral philosophy that seeks to determine and defend standards of morality, justice, and character. It draws from both traditional philosophical inquiry and legal analysis to consider the foundations of morality and to develop insightful ways of thinking about moral issues. Ethical reasoning and theory examines questions such as: What is right and wrong? What do our moral standards signify? How can we know what to do and how to act in difficult situations?
1. Explore the historical development of ethical reasoning and theory from the Ancient Greeks to modern times.
2. Examine the conflicts between ethical principles and human nature.
3. Analyze the philosophical and legal implications of a modern ethical dilemma.
4. Investigate the different approaches to ethical reasoning including deontology, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics.
5. Compare and contrast the ethical approaches of two major world religions.